American Journal of Medicine, internal medicine, medicine, health, healthy lifestyles, cancer, heart disease, drugs

Gastric Crohn’s Disease: A Rare Cause of Intermittent Abdominal Pain and Vomiting

Crohn’s disease is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disease that may involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. It most commonly affects the terminal ileum and cecum, and less commonly is isolated to the colon. Crohn’s disease involving the stomach or duodenum is uncommon and described in only 0.5% to 4% of […]

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Immunotherapy in Squamous Cell Skin Carcinoma: A Game Changer?

  A 74-year-old white male was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma in 2013. Six months after Mohs surgery, he underwent a left superficial parotidectomy, left neck dissection, and excision of the left postauricular lymph node after confirmation of lymphatic spread. Pathology from the left parietal scalp lesion revealed multifocal invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Extranodal tumor […]

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Cerebral Fat Embolism in Hemoglobin SC Disease

A 63-year-old Caribbean man was admitted to the hospital for low back and pelvic pain. His medical history included sickle cell hemoglobin (Hb) C disease with no vaso-occlusive crisis within the last 20 years, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease treated with inhaled corticosteroids for the last 4 years. A few hours after admission, respiratory distress […]

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What’s in a Mass?: Large Native Mitral Valve Mass

After an elective cystectomy, a 77-year-old man developed postoperative atrial fibrillation, resulting in a surprising new finding and a challenging diagnosis. He had no cardiovascular symptoms or cardiac history. The preoperative electrocardiogram was normal. Transthoracic echocardiogram identified a mass on the mitral valve (Figure 1A), new 3+ aortic valve regurgitation, and 2+ mitral valve regurgitation. Left ventricular […]

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doctor putting on gloves

Digital Rectal Exam: Still Relevant After All These Years (video)

In the world of high-tech medicine, the digital rectal exam still has a place. In this current study, researchers showed that performing the digital rectal exam on patients with acute gastrointestinal bleeding provided valuable clinical information. American Journal of Medicine Editor-in-Chief Dr. Joseph S. Alpert explains the clinical implications of this research. (Get out your exam […]

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Dr. Joseph S. Alpert

Myocardial Injury During Prolonged Temperature Management (video)

Targeted temperature management — lowering a person’s body temperature– has been recommended as an integrated part of postresuscitation care after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but is it safe? In this video, Dr. Joseph S. Alpert, AJM editor-in-chief, talks about new research on temperature management. Read the research: The Extent of Myocardial Injury During Prolonged Targeted Temperature […]

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Primary Care Management of Skin Abscesses Guided by Ultrasound

Primary care providers often manage skin abscesses in the outpatient setting. Estimating the size and depth of an abscess, and distinguishing abscess from cellulitis by clinical examination can be challenging due to surrounding firm tissue induration. Definitive treatment of abscess requires incision and drainage, and the approach chosen may be altered by abscess size, depth, […]

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Venturing Out on a Limb: Axillary Web Syndrome

  Axillary web syndrome is a poorly understood cause of morbidity after lymph node surgery characterized by visible or palpable cords in the involved axilla extending down into the medial arm and forearm, often accompanied by a sensation of tightness, limitation of movement, and pain. Axillary web syndrome was first described in 2001 as a […]

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elder woman in eye exam

Eyes Are Useless When the Mind Is Blind: Anton-Babinski Syndrome

Anton-Babinski syndrome is a condition in which patients deny vision loss despite objective evidence. They further confabulate to support their stance. Cortical blindness is the loss of vision caused by a unilateral or bilateral lesion in the occipital cortex in the presence of normal anterior visual pathway. Anton syndrome is most commonly due to bilateral […]

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